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NJLawman.com    >    Promotional Exam Resource Center    >    Did You Know    >    The SARA Model

NJLawman.com

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Did You Know?

The SARA Model




NJLawman.com
Police and Law Enforcement News
Friday, January 11, 2013 11:09 p.m.

 

In recent years, the architects of the sergeant's exam deviated a bit from just the books listed on the test announcement.  Of the the topics they asked about was the SARA Model. 

SARA is an acronym which stands for Scanning, Analysis, Responses, Assessment.  It is a problem solving method often used in law enforcement and community policing circles.

On the exam, candidates were asked to choose from four choices of words making up the acronym.  It wouldn't hurt to know a bit more about the concept. 

Below is more detailed description form the Center for Problem Oriented Policing website:

 

Scanning:

  • Identifying recurring problems of concern to the public and the police.

  • Identifying the consequences of the problem for the community and the police.

  • Prioritizing those problems.

  • Developing broad goals.

  • Confirming that the problems exist.

  • Determining how frequently the problem occurs and how long it has been taking place.

  • Selecting problems for closer examination.

Analysis:

  • Identifying and understanding the events and conditions that precede and accompany the problem.

  • Identifying relevant data to be collected.

  • Researching what is known about the problem type.

  • Taking inventory of how the problem is currently addressed and the strengths and limitations of the current response.

  • Narrowing the scope of the problem as specifically as possible.

  • Identifying a variety of resources that may be of assistance in developing a deeper understanding of the problem.

  • Developing a working hypothesis about why the problem is occurring.

Response:

  • Brainstorming for new interventions.

  • Searching for what other communities with similar problems have done.

  • Choosing among the alternative interventions.

  • Outlining a response plan and identifying responsible parties.

  • Stating the specific objectives for the response plan.

  • Carrying out the planned activities.

Assessment:

  • Determining whether the plan was implemented (a process evaluation).

  • Collecting pre– and post–response qualitative and quantitative data.

  • Determining whether broad goals and specific objectives were attained.

  • Identifying any new strategies needed to augment the original plan.

  • Conducting ongoing assessment to ensure continued effectiveness.

 

 

 

 

 

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