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Investigative Resource

Guide to Social Security Numbers

ssn and social security numbers

000- 00- 0000
Area Number Group Number Serial Number

 

Area Number

       The first three digits are known as the area number.  Prior to 1972, cards were issued in local Social Security offices around the country and the Area Number represented the State in which the card was issued. This did not necessarily have to be the State where the applicant lived, since a person could apply for their card in any Social Security office. 

 

       Since 1972, when SSA began assigning social securing numbers and issuing cards centrally from Baltimore, the area number assigned has been based on the ZIP code in the mailing address provided on the application. The applicant's mailing address does not have to be the same place as their residence. Thus, the Area Number does not necessarily represent the State of residence of the applicant, either prior to 1972 or since.  Generally, numbers were assigned beginning in the northeast and moving westward, so the people on the east coast could have the lowest numbers and those on the west coast would have the highest numbers. 

 

Group Number

       The middle two digits are the group number. They have no special geographic or data significance but merely serve to break the number into conveniently sized blocks for orderly issuance.  

 

       Within each area, the group numbers (middle two digits) range from 01 to 99 but are not assigned in consecutive order. For administrative reasons, group numbers issued first consist of the ODD numbers from 01 through 09 and then EVEN numbers from 10 through 98, within each area number allocated to a State. After all numbers in group 98 of a particular area have been issued, the EVEN Groups 02 through 08 are used, followed by ODD Groups 11 through 99. These numbers do not really provide any clues for genealogy purposes.

 

 

Serial Number

       The last four digits are serial numbers. They represent a straight numerical sequence of digits from 0001-9999 within the group.  These also have no bearing on genealogy research.

 

SOCIAL SECURITY NUMBER STATE CODES

001-003

New Hampshire (NH)

004-007

Maine (ME)

008-009

Vermont (VT)

010-034

Massachusetts (MA)

035-039 

Rhode Island (RI)

040-049 

Connecticut (CT)

050-134

New York (NY)

135-148

New Jersey (NJ)

159-211

Pennsylvania (PA)

212-220

Maryland (MD)

223-231

Virginia (VA)

232*

West Virginia (WV) North Carolina (NC)

233-236

West Virginia (WV)

237-246

North Carolina (NC)

247-251

South Carolina (SC)

252-260

Georgia (GA)

261-267

Florida (FL)

268-302

Ohio (OH)

303-317

Indiana (IN)

318-361

Illinois (IL)

362-386

Michigan (MI)

387-399

Wisconsin (WI)

400-407 

Kentucky (KY)

408-415

Tennessee (TN)

416-424

Alabama (AL)

425-428

Mississippi (MS)

429-432

Arkansas (AR)

433-439

Louisiana (LA)

440-448

Oklahoma (OK)

449-467

Texas (TX)

468-477

Minnesota (MN)

478-485 

Iowa (IA)

486-500

Missouri (MO)

501-502

North Dakota (ND)

503-504

South Dakota (SD)

505-508

Nebraska (NB)

509-515

Kansas (KS)

516-517

Montana (MT)

518-519

Idaho (ID)

520 

Wyoming (WY)

521-524

Colorado (CO)

525

New Mexico (NM)

526-527

Arizona (AZ)

528-529

Utah (UT)

530

Nevada (NV)

531-539

Washington (WA)

540-544 

Oregon (OR)

545-573

California (CA)

574

Alaska (AK)

575-576 

Hawaii (HI)

577-579

District of Columbia (DC)

580*

Virgin Islands, Puerto Rico (PR)

581-584

Puerto Rico (PR)

585

New Mexico (NM)

586

Guam, American Somoa, Philippine Islands

587

Mississippi (MS)

589-595

Florida (FL)

596-599

Puerto Rico (PR)

600-601

Arizona (AZ)

602-626

California (CA)

627-645

Texas (TX)

646-647

Utah (UT)

648-649

New Mexico (NM)

654-658

South Carolina (SC)

667-675

Georgia (GA)

680

Nevada (NV)

700-728

RR ight: 150%; margin: 0">700-728

RR Retirement Board  (All States - until July, 1963)

764-765

Arizona (AZ)

 

The Social Security Administration has been issuing social security numbers for many years now.  This page is designed as an aid and guide to explaining from where social security numbers originate.  The SS number is a nine-digit number that every person in the United States has assigned to them.